Consultant orthopaedic spinal surgeon at Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust. Graduated from St Marys Medical School in 1992 and then completed surgical training and Doctorate in Medicine (MD) in London. Honorary consultant at the Royal Marsden Hospital and a fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons. Clinical interests include minimally invasive spinal surgery, back pain, trauma and complex spinal tumour surgery. Orthopaedic training on rotation included 3 years at The Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, 3 years at The Royal London Hospital, 1 year at University College Hospital and 1 year in Oxford for specialist spinal surgery fellowship training. Published and lectured widely on spinal disc and cartilage tissue engineering, osteoporotic fractures, spinal trauma and rehabilitation.

Mr Mo Akmal is Lead Spinal Surgeon at The London Spine Unit. He has a strong commitment to Education and Training and Currently runs the Annual Educational Course for International delegates on Spinal disorders at the Royal College of Surgeons and runs a fellowship program for higher surgical trainees and is an examiner for the final MBBS exams at Imperial College.

Mr Akmal’s pioneering work was recently featured in one of London’s most popular and widely read newspapers “The Evening Standard”

Mr Akmal is one of the leading voices in the promotion of osteoporotic fracture prevention. He is a board member of The internationalSociety for Fracture Repair and is actively engaged in an educational campaign for the early treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures. He has been performing balloon kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty for vertebral compression fractures and is on the steering committee for the Osteoporotic Fracture Campaign.


Translaminar cervical epidural steroid injection for radiculopathy – A one year review of outcomes. YC Lok, S Ahmed, C Jenner, C McCarthy, M Akmal. J Bone Joint Surg Br In Press

Outcome of abdominosacral resection for locally advanced primary and recurrent rectal cancer. Bhangu A, Brown G, Akmal M, Tekkis P.
Br J Surg. 2012 Oct;99(10):1453-61. doi: 10.1002/bjs.8881. PubMed PMID: 22961529

An evaluation of a postoperative rehabilitation program after spinal surgery and its impact on outcome. McGregor AH(1), Henley A, Morris TP, Doré CJ; FASTER team.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2012 Apr 1;37(7):E417-22. (Collaborator)

Clinical images: Magnetic resonance imaging appearance of alkaptonuria. Hamdulay SS1, Finegold J, Boyer L, Khanna M, Akmal M, Walker A, Kinderlerer A.Arthritis Rheum.
2012 Jan;64(1):129: 10.1002/art.33357.

The Use of Expandable Ventrolateral titanium cages in the treatment of Spinal Infections
M. Akmal, A. Meir, A. Hussein, M. Hamady J Bone Joint Surg Br Proceedings 2011 93-B:28;

The Implications of Hip or Spine surgery on Cerebral palsy patients with scoliosis and hip subluxation. M Akmal, A Abbassian, A Anand, J Lehovsky, D Eastwood A Hashemi-Nejad
J Bone Joint Surg Br 2008 vol. 90-B no. SUPP III 450

Early and Long term Functional Outcome sussing methylprednisolone in Trauma patients with acute spinal cord injury. V Elwell, J Sutcliffe, and M Akmal
J Bone Joint Surg Br Proceedings 2008 90-B:460;

The Effects of Hyaluronic acid on articular chondrocytes. Akmal,M.; Singh,A.; Anand,A.;
Kesani,A.; Aslam,N.; Goodship,A.; Bentley,G. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2005 Aug;87(8):1143-9

The 9th Conference of the International Society for Fracture Repair. [Report]. Akmal M, HoangKim A, Moroni A. Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma. 19(6):436-437, July 2005

Segmental variation in the in vitro cell metabolism of nucleus pulposus cells Isolated from a
series of bovine Caudal intervertebral discs. Wiseman MA, Birch HL, Akmal M, Goodship AE
Spine. 2005 Mar 1;30(5):505-11.

Reliability of preoperative templating in total knee arthroplasty. Aslam N, Lo S, Nagarajah K,
Pasapula C, Akmal M. Acta Orthop Belg. 2004 Dec;70(6):560-4.

The effect of Nicotine on spinal disc cells – A cellular mechanism for backpain ?
Akmal M, Kesani A, Singh A, Wiseman M, Anand B, Goodship A.
Spine. 2004 Mar 01:29(5);568-575

Functional Outcome in Trauma Patients with a Spinal Injury.
Akmal M, Trivedi R, Sutcliffe J. Spine. 2003 Jan 15;28(2):180-5

A prospective, randomised comparison of autologous chondrocyte implantation versus mosaicplasty for osteochondral defects in the knee. Bentley G, Biant LC, Carrington RW, Akmal M, Williams AM, Skinner JA, Pringle J. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2003 Mar;85(2):223-30.

Associated Injuries in Trauma Patients with Spinal Injury. Akmal M, Sohaib SA, Earlam R, Sutcliffe J.
J Bone Joint Surg [Br], 2001 Jun; Vol 83 Supp 2

The effects of methylprednisolone on articular chondrocytes. Mannering N, Akmal M, Kesani A, Bentley G.
J Bone Joint Surg [Br], 2003; Vol 85 B: Supp 1

Culture within a rotating wall vessel bioreactor enhances cartilage matrix synthesis by bovine and human chondrocytes in alginate constructs. Akmal M, Anand B, Wiseman M, Lee DA, Bader DL,
Bentley G. J Bone Joint Surg Br April 2006vol. 88-B no. 4 544-553

Presentations to Learned Societies

Novel method of Radiological Assessmet on Muscle Atrophy in Degenerative Spines
D Bhagawati, H Krishnan, M Akmal. American Orthopaedic Association 2009

The Use of Expandable Cages and Ventrolateral Locking Plates in Severe Spinal Infections
Hussein A, Meir A, Hamady M, Akmal M. British Orthopaedic Association 2008

Cauda Equina Syndrome – A proposed Classification system.
Akmal M, Anwar F, Fairbank J, Kadoo-Hudson T, Wilson MacDonald J. Britspine 2006

The relationship between Scoliosis and Hip dysplasia in Cerebral Palsy
Akmal M, Anand B, Tucker S, Nejad-Hashemi A, Morley T. Britspine 2006

The Use of Methylprednisolone in Spinal Trauma Patients
Ewell M, Sutcliffe J, Akmal M. Britspine 2006

Effect of Nicotine on Intervertebral Disc Cells.
Akmal M, Kesani A, Wiseman M, Enobakhare B, Mannering N, Goodship A, Bentley G.
British Orthopaedic Research Society Sept 2001. Orthopaedic Research Society 2003

Intra-articular Hyaluronic acid injections – A cellular mechanism of action ? Akmal M, Singh A,
Kesani A, Anand A, Enobakhare B, Bentley G. . Orthopaedic Research Society 2003

The effects of methylprednisolone on articular chondrocytes.
Mannering N, Akmal M, Kesani A, Bentley G. . Orthopaedic Research Society 2003

Synovial Fluid Biochemistry – A Novel approach to diagnosing an infectedArthroplasty.
Akmal M, Kesani M, Skinner J, Bentley G. . British Orthopaedic Research Society Sept 2001

Associated Injuries in Trauma Patients with Spinal Injury.
Akmal M, Sohaib SA, Earlam R, Sutcliffe J. European Federation of National Associations of
Orthopaedics and Traumatology Rhodes, June 2001; Vol 83 2

Enhanced chondrocyte proliferation in tissue engineered constructs using a Rotating Wall
Vessel Bioreactor. Akmal M, Wiseman M, Hallam P, Bader D L, Lee D A, Bentley G.
International Cartilage Repair Society, 3rd Symposium, Sweden. April 2000.

In-Vitro evaluation of chondrocyte seeded alginate/collagen sponge constructs for tissue engineered articular cartilage. Hallam PJB, Akmal M, Lee D A, Bentley G, Bader D L.
International Cartilage Repair Society, 3rd Symposium, Sweden. April 2000

Chondrocyte cultures within alginate beads enhanced using a rotating bioreactor: Implications
for tissue engineering. Akmal M, Bader D L, Wiseman M, Bentley G, Lee D A.
British Orthopaedic Association Congress Meeting, Glasgow, 1999.

Hydrogels for the Treatment of Nucleus Pulposus Degeneration
Anand A, Akmal M, Wiseman M, Goodship G. British Orthopaedic Research Society, April 2004

Functional Outcome in trauma patients with spinal Injuries.
M Akmal, A Sohaib, O Chan, R J Earlam, J C Sutcliffe.
Journal of Radiology Proceedings Dec 1997. Radiological Society of North America, USA 1997

Is there a cephalic phase for exocrine pancreatic enzyme secretion ?
A H Raimundo, J Rogers, P Fielden, M Akmal, N J Sebire, J Misiewicz, D B A Silk.
BSG London 1991. GUT, Oct 1991, 32:10:A1244

The British Society of Gastroenterology Annual Meeting, London. 1991

Management Events attended

2014 The Future Hospital Programme. CCG Secondary Care Doctors network Meeting
2013 Navigating the New Competition and Procurement Rules . Regional meeting for CCG Leaders
2013 Together to Improve Value Programme (TIV)
Aspire and Assess
Service Line Management
Operational Improvements
2013 How the New NHS Works. Islington CCG Development Session, London
2013 Payments by Results (PbR) Training, Imperial College
2012 Leadership Master Classes
Data Driven Leadership
Problem Solving Skills
201 2 Managing Concerns about Conduct and Performance of Medical Staff: A Legal Perspective
2011 Training and Assessment for Educational and Clinical Supervisors
Workplace-Based Assessment
Working with Portfolios
CCG Governing Body Seminars attended
2014 Apr Specialist Cancer/Cardiac Reconfiguration Programme – update
Feb Governing Body Seminars
Children’s Services
Older People’s Services
Learning and Physical Disabilities
Sexual Health and Last Years of Life
2013 Dec Governing Body Five Year Plan
Commissioning and Planning 2014-2019
Sep Out of Hours / Urgent Care
Islington CCG Constitution
Islington Pioneer Proposal
Jun Board Values and Behaviours
Mar How the new NHS system works from 1st April – exploring the Boundaries
Feb Whittington Health Foundation Trust Application
Whittington Health Strategy: Transforming Healthcare for Tomorrow
Jan Everyone counts: planning for patients 2013/14
Nov Social Care Bill : Implications

Clinical Skills Courses completed

2014 Lateral Approaches to the Lumbar Spine. Cadaveric Training Lab. Biomet, New York
2014 Lateral Spinal Fixation Course (Live Surgery Demonstrations). Johannesburg, South Africa
2013 Posterior Cervical Spine Fixation. GS Medical, Germany
2010 Ultrasound Guided Chronic Pain Management. Sonosite, Hertfordshire
2010 Cervical & Lumbar Disc Replacement Cadaver Course. Newcastle Surgical Training Centre
2009 Lumbar Dynamic Stabilisation solutions. Medtronic, Lisbon, Portugal
2008 Anterior Lumbar Spine Surgery. Synthes, Innsbruck, Austria
2008 Paediatric Resuscitation Training. St Marys Hospital, London
2008 The 15th Imperial Spine Surgery Course
2007 Minimally Invasive Access Spine Surgery. Medtronic – Brussels, Belgium
2006 Endoscopic Discectomy Training. Karl Storz, Bologne, France
2006 Balloon Kyphoplasty Training. Kyphon, Germany
2004 Thoracoscopic spinal surgery. Aesculap – MURNAU, Germany
2004 Degenerative and Spinal Trauma Course. AO-Synthes- DAVOS, Switzerland
2004 The 12th Imperial Spinal Surgery course. Hammersmith Hospital- London
2004 Medical Communication Skills Course. Hammersmith Hospital- London, UK
2004 External Fixation in Trauma. Orthofix – Verona, Italy
2004 Lumbar Disc Replacement Course. AO-Spine – Munich, Germany
2002 Microsurgical Skills Course. Northwick Park Hospital
2001 Approaches to the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine. Royal College of Surgeons, London
2000 A.C.L.S Advanced Cardiac Life Support Course
2000 A.T.L.S Advanced Trauma & Life Support Course
1999 Ionising Radiation Course

Regular Attendance to Annual and Biennual Spinal Conferences
British Orthopaedic Association
British Association of Spinal Surgeons
World Society for Endoscopic Navigated and Minimal Invasive Spine Surgery

Links :

Mr M.Akmals full profile and personal websiteMr M Akmal on BC Radio 4 presentation on Balloon KyphoplastyMr M Akmal’s article on Balloon Kyphoplasty Article for the National Library for Health RecentUK Publications
: Akmal M, Singh A, Anand A, Kesani A, Aslam N, Goodship A, Bentley G. Related Articles, Links
  The effects of hyaluronic acid on articular chondrocytes.
J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2005 Aug;87(8):1143-9.
PMID: 16049255 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
: Wiseman MA, Birch HL, Akmal M, Goodship AE. Related Articles, Links
  Segmental variation in the in vitro cell metabolism of nucleus pulposus cells isolated from a series of bovine caudal intervertebral discs.
Spine. 2005 Mar 1;30(5):505-11.
PMID: 15738781 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
: Akmal M, Kesani A, Anand B, Singh A, Wiseman M, Goodship A. Related Articles, Links
  Effect of nicotine on spinal disc cells: a cellular mechanism for disc degeneration.
Spine. 2004 Mar 1;29(5):568-75.
PMID: 15129075 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
: Akmal M, Trivedi R, Sutcliffe J. Related Articles, Links
  Functional outcome in trauma patients with spinal injury.
Spine. 2003 Jan 15;28(2):180-5.
PMID: 12544937 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
: Akmal M, Anand A, Anand B, Wiseman M, Goodship AE, Bentley G. Related Articles, Links
  The culture of articular chondrocytes in hydrogel constructs within a bioreactor enhances cell proliferation and matrix synthesis.
J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2006 Apr;88(4):544-53.
PMID: 16567795 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
: Bentley G, Biant LC, Carrington RW, Akmal M, Goldberg A, Williams AM, Skinner JA, Pringle J. Related Articles, Links
  A prospective, randomised comparison of autologous chondrocyte implantation versus mosaicplasty for osteochondral defects in the knee.
J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2003 Mar;85(2):223-30.
PMID: 12678357 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

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